Know the Great Iranian Poets
So, you decided to Travel to Iran, whether you take Iran tours and you are also into knowing about the Persian poems or poets, Iranian venerate their great poets who are often credited with preserving the Persian language and Iranian culture during time of occupation. Streets, Squares, Hotels and Tea houses (Chaykhane) are named after famous poets, several of whom have large mausoleums like Hafez, Ferdowsi, saadi and Khayam.
Ferdosi, the epic story teller
Hakim Abulqasem Ferdosi, first and foremost of all Iranian poets, was born in about 940 AD near Tus in Mashahd city, he was famous for developing the rubai( Qauatrian) style of epic historic poems, he is most famous for the Shahnameh ( book of king) which he started when he was 40 and finished some 30 year later, when ferdosi book was completed, this truly epic poem included almost 60.000 couplets, however, the Turkish king whom he presented it was incensed that it contained no references to Turks and so rejected it. Ferdosi died old, poor and grief stricken. These days Ferdosi is seen as the saviors of Farsi language which he chose to use at a time when the Persian language was under the threat from Arabic. Without his writing many details of Persian history and culture might also have been lost. All in all, Ferdosi Is credited with having done much to help shape of the Iranian self-image.
Hafez of Shiraz
Khajeh Shams-od din Mohammed, of Hafez (meaning the one who can recite the Quarn from memory), as he became known, was born in beautiful city of Shiraz in about 1324. His father died when he was still so young so he was educated by some of the city’s leading scholars, Apart from memorizing the Quran at the early age, he also became interested in Persian literature and wrote many verses which still used in everyday speech, his collection of poems, known as divane Hafeze shirazi, has a strong mystical quality and is often virtually understandable; much of it was alos about nightingales, courtship and the wine, although he lived in turbulent times , Hafez refused many generous invitations to some of the great courts of the day, both inside and outside of Iran, because of his love for his birthplace, Shiraz. Hafez died in 1389 and was entombed in Shiraz.
Hakim Omare Khayam, was born in Nishabur in about 1047, he is probably the best known Iranian poets in the west because many of his poems, including the famous Rubaiyat, were translated into Englosh by Edward fitzgerald, in Iran he is more famous as a mathematician, historian and astronomer, in particular for his studies of the calander and algebra, Alothough there is some speculation about what he actually wrote, Omar Khayam is famous for his rubai Poems, he died in 1123.
Jlal – od din Mohammad-e Balkhi, known as Rumi, in 1207 in Balkh, present day Afghanistan. His family fled west before the mongol invasions and eventually settled in Konya in present day Turkey, where first his father and then he retreated into meditation and study of the divine. Rimi’s first great work was the Masnavi, he was inspired by a great dervish, Shams-e Tabrizi, and many of his poems of divine love are addressed to him. Rumi is credited with founding the Maulavi sufi order, the whirling dervishes, he is also known as Maulana( the master)
The other great Shirazi poets, Sheikh Mohammed Shams-ed-Din (known as Sa’adi), lived from about 1207 to 1291. Like Hafez, he lost his father at an early age and was educated by some of the leading teachers of Shiraz; many of sa’adi’s elegantly phrased verses are still commonly used in conversation. His most famous works, the Golestan(Rose Garden) and Bustan(Garden of Trees), have been translated into many languages.